Central Intelligence Agency, Kubark Counterintelligence Interrogation, July 1963
This declassified CIA interrogation manual was used throughout Latin America in the 1960s and was heavily influenced by Donald Hebb and Ewen Cameron’s mind control experiments at McGill University. Many of the sensory deprivation techniques described in the manual later resurfaced at Abu Ghraib and Guantanamo.
Central Intelligence Agency, Human Resource Exploitation Training Manual–1983
An update to the 1963 Kubark manual, this 1983 declassified CIA interrogation manual also exhibits the influence of Donald Hebb and Ewen Cameron’s experiments.
The Abu Ghraib Files
presents 279 photos and 19 videos of torture that occurred at Abu Ghraib prison in the fall of 2003. This site also offers reports and resources related to torture in Iraq.
Stephen Soldz, "In Protest of APA Torture Stance, Author Returns Award," August 26, 2007
In August 2007, the American Psychological Association voted against a resolution that would have barred psychologists from participating in interrogations. Author Mary Pipher returned her Presidential Citation award from the APA in protest. This article discusses the APA resolution and contains Pipher’s full letter.
“Sensory Deprivation: Effects upon the Functioning Human in Space Systems,” 1960
Ewen Cameron delivered this speech at the Brooks Air Force base in 1960 and discusses how sensory deprivation “produces the primary symptoms of schizophrenia.”
“The Depatterning Treatment of Schizophrenia,” 1962
In this paper, Ewen Cameron advocates using a combination of electroshock, barbiturates and sensory deprivation to disrupt patients’ sense of time and space.
Letters Between Donald Hebb and the Canadian Defence Research Board, 1952-1953
A series of letters from 1952-1953 in which McGill University psychologist Donald Hebb beseeches the Canadian Defence Research Board to declassify his research on isolation and sensory deprivation. Don't miss the self-protrait of Hebb begging to have his studies released to the public.
CIA Memo on Project Artichoke, January 31, 1975
A summary of CIA research into “special interrogation techniques,” including experiments with LSD, hypnosis and sensory deprivation.
Memorandum for Alberto R. Gonzales, Counsel to the President, August 1, 2002
This memo from the Department of Justice to Alberto Gonzales explains that in order for painful interrogation methods to qualify as torture, they must "be equivalent in intensity to the pain accompanying serious physical injury, such as organ failure."
Shafiq Rasul, Asif Iqbal and Rhuhel Ahmed, Composite Statement: Detention in Afghanistan and Guantánamo Bay, July 2004
Three British citizens who were subjected to intense sensory deprivation techniques at Guantanamo discuss their harsh treatment in this composite statement.