The Freedom Charter, 1955Link
“The People Shall Share in the Country’s Wealth!” Drafted in 1955, the Freedom Charter laid out the African National Congress’s economic program by advocating for redistribution of wealth and the nationalization of key industries.
“Kliptown and the Freedom Charter,” June 27, 2005Link
An overview of the history of Kliptown and the government’s plans to gentrify the area in order to attract tourists.
The Congress of the People and Freedom Charter Campaign, 1995Link
Historian Ismail Vadi documents the creation of the Freedom Charter and describes the exhaustive process of collecting demands throughout the townships and countryside.
Hearings before South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission, 1996-1997Link
The detailed transcripts from hearings that took place in South Africa between 1996 and 1997, and that document torture and assault throughout the apartheid regime.
Final Report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, 2003Link
The commission’s lengthy final report with a foreword by Archbishop Desmond Tutu.
“The Left in the Slums,” September 2005Link
Richard Pithouse explores the implications of a large, marginalized shack-dweller population for South Africa’s development and takes the Left to task for failing to embrace slum dwellers as equals in the struggle for social justice.
“From Racial to Class Apartheid: South Africa’s Frustrating Decade of Freedom,” 2004Link
Political economist Patrick Bond assesses South Africa’s progress ten years after the end of apartheid and finds a country still deeply mired in inequality.
Transforming Kliptown into a Tourist DestinationLink
This brochure describes how Kliptown, the birthplace of the Freedom Charter was drafted in 1955 and where ANC members called for wealth redistribution, is to be remade into a “world-class tourist destination” by the provincial government agency, Blue IQ.
“Finding the Holy Grail? Making Poverty History in the 21st Century,” 2005Link
Scholar Ashwin Desai critiques various proposals implemented by the government and by lending institutions to reduce poverty in South Africa.
Summary of Key Findings from the National Evictions Survey, 2005Link
This report offers staggering data on the prevalence of evictions in South Africa, including the fact that nearly a million South Africans were evicted from farms between 1994 and 2004.